ECOPORTIL-Environmental Protection of Areas Surrounding Ports
using Innovative Learning Tools for Legislation

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Module 2. Oil pollution

  • Module 2. Oil pollution

Oil tankers transport some 2,900 million tons of crude oil and oil products every year around the world by sea. The magnitude of this trade imposes a high risk of pollution to the marine environment, either accidental or operational.

Measures stipulated by competent authorities by means of, mostly, international conventions, aim to ensure that the majority of oil tankers are safely built and operated and are constructed to reduce the amount of oil spilled in the event of an accident. Operational pollution, such as pollution resulting from routine tank cleaning operations, has also been within the range of these conventions.

In this module, we will be mostly preoccupied with the prevention of marine pollution by oil and its derivatives, a field which is, by and large, regulated by the Annex I of so-called MARPOL international convention which imposes operational, construction and safety regulations which, inter alia, aim to harmonize the regulatory treatment of:

  • Construction and certification requirements for oil tankers
  • Oil fuel tank technical specificities, management and protection
  • Shipboard marine pollution emergency plans
  • Machinery of ships
  • Management and record keeping

In this framework, the contents of the module in detail are:

  • Marine pollution from oil spillage
  • Principles of preparedness for oil spills
  • Principles for oil spill response
  • Oil spill contingency planning
  • Self-assessment test

For the module Oil pollution register here.

George Pachoulas